Musculoskeletal Disorders, Orthopedics-Bone Summaries

ACALADE: surgical device designed for faster, safer lumbar discectomy
Johnson, Tim ; Leuthardt, Eric ; Moran, Daniel ; Reynolds, Benton ; Stoev, Ivan ; Wright, Neill
T-016236

— Technology Description A team of researchers at Washington University have developed ACALADE (Advanced Capability Lumbar Discectomy), a device designed to help surgeons safely access and quickly remove the back portions of herniated discs for faster, lower risk lumbar discectomy. Currently, about…

Adhesive coated sutures for stronger musculoskeletal repairs
Genin, Guy ; Linderman, Stephen ; Thomopoulos, Stavros
T-014989

— Technology Description An interdisciplinary team at Washington University in St. Louis has developed patented adhesive-coated sutures with the potential to reduce ruptures following surgical repair of tendons and ligaments. These modified sutures are designed to minimize stress by shifting the mec…

Biomimetic device for stronger repair of rotator cuff and other soft tissue-to-bone tears
Galatz, Leesa ; Genin, Guy ; Hoppe, Ethan ; Smith, Lester ; Thomopoulos, Stavros ; Yoon, Dong Hwan
T-019211

— Technology Description A team of engineers led by Professor Guy Genin has developed a device to strengthen the reattachment of soft tissue to bone for use in orthopedic procedures such as rotator cuff repairs. Although tendon and ligament tears are common, the techniques used to reattach these tis…

Tissue engineering scaffold for cell differentiation and delivery to intervertebral disc for treating lower back pain
Barcellona, Marcos ; Setton, Lori ; Speer, Julie
T-019297

— Background: Severe low back pain and disability can result from intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration caused by cell phenotype changes in the nucleus pulposus (NP) region. While autologous stem cells have be used to treat lower back pain, currently there are no tools to control differentiation of…

Tissue engineering scaffold for cell differentiation and delivery to intervertebral disc for treating lower back pain
Barcellona, Marcos ; Setton, Lori ; Speer, Julie
T-019297

— Background: Severe low back pain and disability can result from intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration caused by cell phenotype changes in the nucleus pulposus (NP) region. While autologous stem cells have be used to treat lower back pain, currently there are no tools to control differentiation of…

Epigenetic drug targets to treat or prevent osteoarthritis and cartilage degradation
McAlinden, Audrey ; O'Keefe, Regis ; Shen, Jie
T-015627

— A team of researchers at Washington University in St. Louis has identified an epigenetic pathway and two therapeutic targets that could be used to prevent cartilage loss and counteract the mechanism underlying osteoarthritis. The inventors have seen promising results in a mouse model of arthritis us…

Early, specific, blood-based diagnostic for septic arthritis
Luhmann, Scott
T-018905

— Technology Description: Researchers at Washington University in St. Louis have identified blood-based cytokine signatures that could be used to specifically detect, distinguish and monitor septic arthritis, synovitis and osteomyelitis. This assay could enable timely, accurate treatment to avoid joi…

Exosome-based therapy for tendon injuries and other soft tissue repair
Shen, Hua
T-018565

— Technology Description: A team of researchers at Washington University has developed a cell-free, nano-sized extracellular vesicle (EV/exosome) system to enhance repair of soft musculoskeletal tissue. This technology leverages the natural anti-inflammatory effects of adipose-derived stem cells (ASC…

Software to predict low back pain from brain imaging
Hawasli, Ammar ; Jayasekera, Dinal ; Lamichhane, Bidhan ; Leuthardt, Eric ; Ray, Wilson
T-019322

— Technology Description: Researchers at Washington University, led by Eric Leuthardt, have developed software that can identify specific brain regions involved in chronic low back pain from neuroimaging data. This software, powered by machine learning, relies on differences in cortical thickness an…

Accurate, efficient 2D strain mapping with robust detection of strain localization
Boyle, John ; Genin, Guy ; Pless, Robert ; Thomopoulos, Stavros
T-014090

— Summary DDE (Direct Deformation Estimation) and SIMPLE (Strain Interference with Measures of Probable Local Elevation) are two simple Digital Image Correlation algorithms that combine image analysis techniques with mechanical engineering principles to provide accurate, efficient, quantitative strai…

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